Solar Plexus











Sanskrit name









Top of head



Heart area

Solar plexus

Abdomen, genitals

Base of spine




Bright Blue














Clear Quartz, Azestulite, Tanzanite, Diamond

Lapis Lazuli, Fluorite Amethyst, Charoite

Blue Quartz, Blue Lace Agate, Blue Topaz

Rose Quartz, Emerald, Pink Tourmaline, Jade

Citrine, Tiger Eye, Amber, Topaz

Carnelian, Coral, Orange Calcite

Hematite, Garnet, Red Jasper, Unakite

Seed Syllable/ Sound

Silent Om








Awareness & self-knowledge

Intuition & imagination


Love & relationships

Personal power & self-worth

Emotion, desire, sexuality

Survival, grounding


Wisdom, understanding, enlightenment

Accurate perception, intuition, imagination

Creativity, communication, resonance

Unconditional love, compassion, balance

Self-esteem, strength of will, spontaneity

Balanced emotion, healthy sexuality, pleasure

Stability, trust, grounded, physical health


Spiritual addiction, disassociation, too intellectual

Headaches, nightmares, delusions

Inability to listen, excessive talking, stuttering

Co-dependent, possessive, jealous

Aggressive, dominating, blaming

Over-emotional, no boundaries, sex addict

Materialistic, greed, obesity, sluggish


Spiritual scepticism, limited beliefs, attachment, depression

Denial, poor memory poor eyesight

Fear of speaking out, lack of rhythm, lies

Shy, lonely, bitter, critical, lack of empathy grief

Passive, weak will, poor self-esteem, shame

Emotionally numb, guilt frigidity, fear of pleasure

Fear, undisciplined, underweight, restless



Gemstones (plus gold, silver, copper, pearl and mother-of-pearl)


March 21 to April 20

Aquamarine, Aventurine, Bloodstone, Diamond, Pink Tourmaline, Hematite


April 21 to May 21

Carnelian, Chrysocolla, Copper, Emerald, Kunzite, Rhodonite, Rose Quartz, Sapphire


May 22 to June 21

Agate, Aquamarine, Celestite, Chrysocholla, Chrysoprase, Emerald, Mother-of-Pearl, Tanzanite, Tiger Eye


June 22 to July 23

Bornite, Calcite, Carnelian, Moonstone, Pearl, Onyx, Pink Tourmaline, Ruby


July 24 to August 23

Amber, Carnelian, Garnet, Gold, Kunzite, Labradorite, Onyx, Pyrite, Clear Quartz, Tourmaline


August 24 to September 23

Amazonite, Amber, Chrysocholla, Cirtine, Garnet, Jadeite/Jade, Jasper, Peridot, Sodalite


September 24 to October 23

Bloodstone, Lapis Lazuli, Moonstone, Opal, Rose Quartz, Sapphire, Topaz


October 24 to November 22

Dioptase, Garnet, Malacite, Obsidian, Rhodochrosite, Ruby, Topaz, Unakite


November 23 to December 21

Amethyst, Azurite, Chalcedony, Copper, Dioptase, Labradorite, Peridot, Sapphire, Sodalite, Tanzanite


December 22 to January 20

Fluorite, Green Tourmaline, Jet, Malacite, Onxy, Ruby, Smokey Quartz, Tiger Rey, Turquoise


January 21 to February 19

Amber, Aquamarine, Azurite, Fluorite, Garnet, Hematite, Moonstone, Silver, Turquoise


February 20 to March 20

Amethyst, Aquamarine, Blue Lace Agate, Coral, Fluorite, Moonstone, Clear Quartz, Sapphire

Astrological Signs & Gemstones

Care, Cleaning and Cleansing of Your Crystals

Chakra Information (including Gemstones, Seed Syllables and Keywords)

Salt Water

Salt has been used for its cleansing and negativity absorbing properties throughout the ages.  Place your crystal in a bowl of well-salted water for at least 4 hours, but preferably overnight.  Any negative energy will be absorbed into the water, which when finished with should be washed down the sink so that the earth can absorb the negativity safely.  Rinse your crystal briefly under running water and then dry with a soft, dry, lint-free cloth.  Good method for quartz crystals.


Leaving your crystals on a moonlit windowsill overnight can cleanse and charge them with the moon’s energy.  Some crystals are more suitable than others, such as Moonstone, or any which has a very feminine vibration such as milky quartz


The use of a smudging stick (incense is a good substitute) to cleanse crystals of negative energy is a method favoured by the Native American Indians.  Follow the manufacturers guidelines for lighting the incense stick or smudge, then hold the crystal in one hand whilst passing the stick up and down the length of the crystal in a spiral pattern.  Be very careful not to burn yourself and ensure that the incense or smudge stick is properly extinguished after use.

Dry Brown Rice

Use dry, uncooked, organic, brown rice and fill a bowl large enough to accommodate your crystal(s).  Gently place the crystal on top of the rice and leave for at least 4 hours, but preferably overnight.  As with the salt water method, any negative energy will be absorbed into the rice, which when finished with should be safely disposed of in a waste bin - most definitely not cooked and eaten!


If you have completed your Reiki II, a very effective way to clean and charge you crystals is to programme them with the Reiki symbols.  Hold the crystal in your left hand and draw the symbols over it using your fire finger (middle finger) on your right hand.  This process can be repeated as often as you feel necessary.  If you wish to clean a large number of crystals at once, place them on a clean white cloth or sheet and draw the symbols over the entire group.

Running Water

Especially good method for the Quartz family (Amethyst, Rose Quartz, Citrine, Clear Quartz). Hold your crystal under running water for a few minutes to wash away any negative energies.   It is advisable to place a cloth in the bottom of the sink to protect the crystal  in case you accidentally drop it.  Dry with a soft, clean, lint-free cloth.

When crystals first come out of the ground, they may pass through many hands before eventually finding their ‘home’  - from the miner, packer, distributor, jewellery designer, wholesaler and so on.  

Any crystal possesses its own unique vibration which can be effected by the energies in its environment, therefore, it is always important to fully cleanse any crystal before you start to use or wear it, to clear it of any unwanted energy and then  to continue to clean them at regular intervals to maintain their purity.  All of our crystal goods are fully cleansed and blessed before being dispatched, but regular cleansing is important to maintain their subtle vibrations and healing properties and to help you become attuned to them.

Some crystals require more regular cleaning, for example Smokey Quartz, which is a sponge for negativity, and there are a few exceptions which are self-cleaning, such as Kyanite.

Their are many different ways to clean crystals, and we have provided a short list of our suggested methods.  It is also good to repeat an affirmation over the crystal after cleansing, for example you might say, ‘I ask that this crystal be cleansed and blessed so that it may release its subtle energies for the greater good of all’.

Please note, some crystals must not be placed in water, such as Angelite, Turquoise, Kunzite and Selenite.  If you are in any doubt we recommend using the Dry Brown Rice method.  Alternatively you can contact us for advice.


Care of Your Jewellery

Including 925 Sterling Silver, Gemstones and Freshwater Pearls

All of our jewellery is carefully cleaned, then cleansed and blessed before we send it to you, and in order to keep it looking at its best, we have provided a short list of recommendations below.

Take care of your jewellery and it will reward you with years of pleasure and a life-long, lustrous look.

Crystal, Mineral and Rock - A Definition

In relation to crystal healing, all crystals, minerals, non-minerals and rocks are referred to generically as ‘crystals’.  Regardless of their composition or classification, they all come from the earth, are natural and posses specific energy vibrations which make them suitable for healing work.  As a general explanation, however, we have provided the proper meanings and classifications below.

Crystal: While the word ‘crystal’ has a precise meaning in scientific terms, commonly ‘crystal’ refers to solid objects that exhibit well-defined and often pleasing geometric shapes. These shapes are formed from a fluid substance which has undergone a natural process of solidification.   Broadly speaking ‘crystal’ is the generic term applied to a crystaline form.  Crystals are, however, composed of mineral content.  The shape of crystals is dependent on the types of molecular bonds between the atoms to determine the structure, as well as on the conditions under which they formed. The colour of a crystal is dependent on the chemical composition of the liquid or ‘Mother Tincture’ from which it was formed.  For example Amethyst gets it colour from Iron and Manganese. 

Mineral:  A mineral is a naturally occurring, inorganic substance with a definite chemical composition and a crystalline structure.  Some minerals, like quartz, mica or feldspar are common, while others have been found in only one or two locations worldwide. Over half of the mineral species known are so rare that they have only been found in a handful of samples, and many are known from only one or two small grains.There are presently about 3000 known minerals on earth. Minerals may be classified by their chemical composition: for example in the Silicate class we find Quartz, Feldspars, Garnets and Micas, in the Carbonate class we find Calcites and Aragonite and in the Elements class we find Gold, Silver and Copper.

Non-Minerals: Items which fall into this category are Amber: an organic non-crystaline structure made from fossilised tree resin, Jet: not considered a true mineral due to organic, non-crystal nature, Pearl: often considered a mineral due to crystal components, but then not a mineral due to organic origin - formed from a grain which develops inside a mollusk, Opal: non-crystal structure, Obsidian: usually not considered a mineral due to non-crystal structure

Rock: A rock is a naturally occurring aggregate of 2 or more minerals. (A rock may also include organic remains.)  Rocks are classified by their mineral and chemical composition, the texture of the constituent particles and also by the process that formed them.  Rocks therefore, fall into three groups, Igneous: formed from molton magma, Sedimentary: formed by deposits of  worn away rock (i.e. sand or gravel) and organic matter and Metamorphic: formed when any rock is subjected to different temperature and pressure conditions which transforms it from its original state.  The specific minerals in different rocks can vary a lot.  Rocks form the hard outer crust and mantle of the Earth.  When a crystal or mineral specimens is sold on a rock base, the rock aspect is referred to as the ‘matrix’.

Gemstones - A Definition

A gemstone is a mineral, rock (i.e. lapis lazuli) or petrified material that when cut or faceted and polished is collectible or can be used in jewellery. Others are organic, such as amber (fossilised tree resin) and jet (a form of coal). Some gemstones are too soft or too fragile to be used in jewellery, for example, single-crystal rhodochrosite.  These are  sought by collectors of mineral or crystal specimens and can also be used by crystal healers.

Gems are classified into different groups, species and varieties. For example, ruby is the red variety of the species corundum that belongs to the spinel or hematite group. Emerald (green), aquamarine (blue), bixbite (red), goshenite (colorless), heliodor (yellow), and morganite (pink) are all varieties of the mineral species beryl.  There are over 130 different types of minerals which have been cut into gemstones.

Precious Gemstone: traditionally classified by their rarity, mining accessibility, clarity, etc.,  there are five main precious gemstone groups. They are: Diamond, Emerald, Sapphire, Ruby and Amethyst.  These are collectively known as the ‘Cardinal Gems’ - probably due historically to being reserved for use in ceremonial regalia for the church, and other devotional worship and for Royalty.  These stones are usually, but not always, the most valuable.  All are readily available today, but can be of vastly differing quality and price.

Semi-Precious Gemstone: quite literally, every other available gemstone, although the name suggests that they may be less valuable or beautiful because of their ready availability, but this assumption is most definitely not always the case.

gemstone cuts
opal in matrix

Above: Opal in matrix

pink moonstone
Fascinating Facts

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925 Sterling Silver - A Definition

Sterling Silver is an alloy of silver containing 92.5% pure silver and 7.5% other metals, usually copper. The minimum ‘millesimal fineness’ for silver is 925.  Fine silver (99.9% pure) is generally considered too soft for producing most everyday items.  Sterling silver is usually alloyed with copper to give strength, whilst preserving a high precious metal content.

Millesimal Fineness  Millesimal fineness is a system of denoting the purity of platinum, gold and silver alloys by parts per thousand of pure metal in the alloy. The millesimal fineness is usually rounded to a three figure number, particularly where used as a hallmark.  For example, an alloy containing 92.5% silver is denoted as ‘925’, known as Sterling Silver.

Millesimal fineness of Silver:

Gold - A Definition, Legal Standards in the UK & Buying on the Internet

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Gold NuggetGold is a highly sought after precious metal.  It is the most malleable metal known; a single gram can be beaten into a sheet of one square meter, or an ounce into 300 square feet. Gold readily forms alloys with many other metals. These alloys can be produced to increase the hardness or to create different coloured gold, for example adding copper gives a redder metal, known as Rose Gold or silver to produce White Gold.

When selling Gold in the form of jewellery, it is measured in carats (ct), with pure gold being 24ct. However, it is more commonly sold in lower measurements of 22ct, 18ct, and 9ct. The lower the number, the higher the percentage of copper or silver present - copper being the more commonly used metal.  When silver is used in high enough proportions it produces a white metal alloy known as ‘white gold’, which is far more resistant to corrosion than silver or sterling silver, therefore making it attractive, albeit a more expensive alternative to silver, in jewellery making.

Millesimal Fineness  Millesimal fineness is a system of denoting the purity of gold alloys by parts per thousand of pure metal in the alloy (this system also denotes the fineness of platinum and silver).  The millesimal fineness is usually rounded to a three figure number, particularly where used as a hallmark.  For example, an alloy containing 75% gold is denoted as ‘750’, known as 18ct.

Millesimal Fineness of Gold:

It is an extension of the older carat system (‘karat’ in North America) of denoting the purity of gold by fractions of 24, such as ‘18 carat’ for an alloy with 75% (18 parts per 24) pure gold.

Buying Gold on the Internet  If you are contemplating buying gold on the internet, there are a few important facts to consider before making a purchase.  It is a legal requirement in the United Kingdom that all Gold offered for sale is tested and hallmarked at one of the four UK Assay Offices.

Assay Office Marks

Above: United Kingdom Assay Office marks.  From left to right: London, Birmingham, York and Edinburgh

Many UK internet sites offer cheap, foreign gold which is sold without a hallmark, merely bearing a manufacturer’s stamp, for example, ‘10K’. This is illegal in the United Kingdom - it must ALSO have a UK hallmark, verifying its purity or millesimal fineness together with the maker’s mark and date stamp.  Only gold with a full set of UK hallmarks can be guaranteed to meet all the UK requirements and be the genuine article. Beware also of ‘gold’ that is bonded, filled or plated, or described with words such as ‘vermeil’ – this is not real gold.

Fascinating Fact . . . Hallmarking in England dates back to 1300 when Edward I enacted a statute ordering that all silver articles meet the Sterling Silver standard (92.5% silver)

Customs Duty & VAT applies to ANY non-EU purchased jewellery entering the UK with a value of more than 19.00. This is worth bearing in mind when considering purchasing jewellery from outside the EU because any such purchase could result in having to pay Customs & Excise fees. This rule applies to all purchases including ones made on the internet.

UK Customers - Buying Jewellery from Outside the European Union

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Sterling Silver Ring

Fascinating Fact . . . Kyanite and Azestulite are two crystals which never require cleansing

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Earth & Moon

Fascinating Fact . . . There are actually over 250 chakras in your body, including those in your fingers and toes!

A to Z Crystal Directory of crystals and their meanings including Quartz properties

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Quartz Formations:
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Fascinating Fact . . . Mars, the red planet, gets its colour from Hematite which in its natural, unpolished form is red

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Fascinating Facts & Useful Information

Anyone can benefit from the subtle energies of healing, but it is not meant as a substitute for seeking medical advice from a qualified medical practitioner.  Therefore, if you are in any doubt about a medical condition you should consult your doctor in the first instance. The healing properties mentioned throughout this site in relation to crystals and gemstones represent views expressed in the public domain. We have not undertaken any scientific studies to verify their validity.

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3rd December 2013

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